INTERNATIONAL FUTBOL DIRECTORY

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The contemporary history of the world"s favorite game spans more than 100 years. It all began in 1863 in Englvà, when rugby football và association football branched off on their different courses & the Football Association in Engl& was formed.A search down the centuries reveals at least half a dozen different games, varying to different degrees, & to which the historical development of football has been traced baông chồng.Apart from the need lớn employ the legs & feet in tough tussles for the ball, often without any laws for protection, it was recognized right at the outphối that the art of controlling the ball with the feet was not easy và, as such, required no small measure of skill. The very earliest size of the game for which there is scientific evidence was an exercise from a military manual dating baông chồng to lớn the second and third centuries BC in China.This Han Dynasty forebear of football was called Tsu" Chu and it consisted of kicking a leather ball through an opening, measuring only 30-40cm in width, into a small net fixed onto lớn long bamboo canes.

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Another form of the game, also originating from the Far East, was the Japanese Kemari, which began some 500-600 years later và is still played today. This is a sport lacking the competitive sầu element of Tsu" Chu with no struggle for possession involved. Standing in a circle, the players had to lớn pass the ball to each other, in a relatively small space, trying not khổng lồ let ittouch the ground. The Greek "Episkyros" - of which few concrete details survive sầu - was much livelier, as was the Roman "Harpastum". The latter was played out with a smaller ball by two teams on a rectangular field marked by boundary lines và a center line. The objective sầu was khổng lồ get the ball over the opposition"s boundary lines và as players passed it between themselves, trickery was the order of the day. The game remained popular for 700-800 years, & the Romans ended up taking it to lớn Britain with them.


Football"s roots in Engl& has been found in Medieval football, which was played annually on Shrovetide. It is suggested that this game was derived from those played in Brittany & Normandy, and could have been brought lớn Englvà in the Norman Conquest. These games were violent & largely ruleless. As a result, they were often banned.Englvà is the origin of nearly all first accounts of features of football:In 1280 comes the first trương mục of a kicking ball game. This happened at Ulgsay mê, near Ashington in Northumberland, in which a player was killed as a result of running against an opposing player"s dagger. This confirms that by the 13th century kicking ball games were being played in Engl&. Englvà can boast the earliest ever documented use of the English word "football" (1409) & the earliest reference to lớn the sport in French (1314).


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Englvà is home khổng lồ the oldest football clubs in the world (dating from at least 1857), the world"s oldest competition (the FA Cup founded in 1871) & the first ever football league (1888). For these reasons England is considered the home page of football.

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Soccer as we know it has undergone several modifications since its earliest stages. Baông chồng in 1529, a soccer-esque sport called ‘Calcio Fiorentino’ was being played between two teams with 27 players each in the Piazza Santa Croce, a famous plaza in front of a basilica in Florence, Italy. The players used this game khổng lồ solve sầu their political differences in a match full of violence và intensity. These differences were normal baông xã in 16th century Italy, when competition was more a matter of showing superiority và dominance over a rival group—as in matches between aristocratic families and gangs that dominated different parts of the city-states—than playing for fun.The game lacked strategy, coordination, rotation, và positioning—even goalkeepers. Henry III of France once attended a game of Calcio & said it was “Too small to be a real war & too cruel to be a game.”


Tactics on the pitch started lớn gain importance when the first goalkeeper appeared in 1871. The matches looked more organized with only 11 players on the field, although the oldest video recording of a soccer match, between Blackburn Rovers and West Bromwich Albion, shows that, although some players should were meant lớn stichồng in midfield, they still focused a lot on scoring regardless of their tactics.Today’s World Cups were the main catalyst for tactical evolution in club football. By 1925, defense had become a priority through the formation commonly known as ‘WM’, with three defensemen, three attackers, và four midfielders; all forming a W và M on the field. Midfield control & ball possession were essential in Brazil’s 1970 team. And the Netherlands’s renowned ‘Clockwork Orange’ (a nickname for the national soccer team) in 1974 used a defensive sầu strategy in which more than one player would quickly swarm an opponent to lớn steal the ball. It looked lượt thích the Netherlands was always about to lớn run over a player. A bizarre tactic to lớn watch but one that turned out effective sầu.


The first world cup soccer match started on July 13th, 1930. France defeated Mexiteo in a game of 4 khổng lồ 1, paving way for a glorious world cup beginning. After the war, the FIFA World Cup gained worldwide recognition as the sole sporting event of the new world. The World cup has been held since 1958 in Europe và the Americas. The World Cup Executive sầu Committee"s decision in May 1996 made a major decision of selecting Korea and nhật bản as co-hosts for the 2002 edition.A largely male-dominated sport, women soccer has also seen some changes. The first women’s World Cup was held in Đài Loan Trung Quốc in 1991. The US won the championship the first time ever in the historyof womens soccer.

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Ever since 1930, the world has witnessed only seven different winners in the 16 tournaments held so far. The FIFA World cup has seen wonderful victories and some dramatic twists such as England’s defeat in 1950, North Korea’s loss in Italy in 1966 & Cameroon’s opening match defeat of Argentina in 1990.FIFA World cup today draws people from all over the globe. After so many years, the world cup has seen the best và the worst in the sphere of soccer. The soccer world stands taller in recognition và popularity with the FIFA world cup. Soccer is the most loved và admired game with a history ofover 3000 years.


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